Diagnosed with Prediabetes?

– By Susannah Keppo, Exercise Physiologist at Optimum Health Solutions


Have you or someone you know been diagnosed with pre – diabetes?

Prediabetes is a lifestyle, reversible condition that if left untreated can lead to type 2 diabetes. As the term suggests, prediabetes means that blood glucose (sugar) levels are higher than normal although not high enough to be diagnosed with type 2 diabetes. There are no signs or symptoms of prediabetes and is usually only picked up on a blood test. Prediabetes also increases your risk of developing cardiovascular disease, heart attacks and strokes. 

The risk factors for prediabetes

The risk factors for prediabetes are:

  • Family history of pre – diabetes or type 2 diabetes
  • Gestational diabetes
  • Being overweight
  • Being physically inactive
  • Having high cholesterol especially increased triglycerides
  • High blood pressure

What can you do?

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– By Thomas Jackson, Exercise Physiologist at Optimum Health Solutions Thornleigh

exercise and the immune system

Given the current climate that we are living in, we as individuals must do everything in our power to maximise our own health and particularly our immune systems. The immune system is the human body’s primary protection against illness, controlling diseases caused by viruses and bacteria, all the way through to defending against foreign cells that may be cancerous or deadly. When sickness occurs, the body shows symptoms such as a runny nose and a cough to show that the immune system is at work to remove the germs. Most of the time, we do not even realise its working for us, killing a large proportion of the germs before we even know they are there.

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Mindless and Mindful Eating

– By Raquel Andrews, Dietitian at Optimum Health Solutions Tasmania


Many of us are unable to recall what we ate last, let alone the sensations we felt during the meal. This is called mindless eating. For our bodies to digest food it needs to release stomach juices to help breakdown the food in our stomach. The smell, taste and sight of food help to release these juices and prepares the body to digest food. When we eat while distracted on our phones or we eat our meals too quickly, our bodies may not be ready for the food that has entered the body and digestion can be slow, which can lead to indigestion and overeating.

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What are pressure injuries?

Pressure injuries are caused by prolonged pressure on the skin. It is common for pressure injuries to occur where the skin covers bony areas such as heels, the base of the spine and the hips.

People are more at risk of these injuries if they have reduced mobility and difficulty repositioning themselves independently.  

What are support surfaces?  

Support surfaces comprise a variety of overlays, mattresses, and integrated bed systems used to redistribute pressure, reduce shearing forces, and control heat and humidity.

A support surface allows the patient to have their weight distributed more effectively to reduce the risk of pressure injuries.  

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– By Jess Reyes, Exercise Physiologist at Optimum Health Solutions Tasmania

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Let me make this clear, your pain is 100% real, no matter what is causing it or what you have been told.

There are unfortunately no quick fixes for chronic pain, however, there are steps we can take that have shown to help, but these require persistence, patience, trust and coaching. One of the tools that have been shown to help, is education about pain and how movement-based treatment can be used to help with your pain when done the right way.

Biopsychosocial Model

To understand pain further we need to discuss one of the main theories used to explain what influences pain, this model is called the biopsychosocial model.

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The Effects Of A Positive Attitude!

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In recent years, researches have reinforced the theory that the human mind plays a major role in influencing the way that our body works. Attitudes and emotions directly impact health and well-being. Being too negative in terms of one’s thoughts or emotions somehow weaken an individual’s immune system, which also confirms the mind-and-body link of health and well-being. The same study showed that more optimistic people have a 50% lower risk of untimely death than those who are pessimistic. Aside from a lower risk of premature death, having a positive attitude increases a person’s energy and ability to handle life’s difficulties.

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PARKINSON’S DISEASE: Improve your balance in the water

Article by Aathi Thirunanthakumar, Physiotherapist at Croydon Park

parkinsons dis

Parkinson’s Disease (PD) is a progressive neurological disorder that affects your movement. Common symptoms include tremor, slow movement (bradykinesia), postural imbalance, and slurred speech. The combination of these symptoms can ultimately affect one’s strength, balance and endurance, thereby reducing the quality of life in individuals.

Currently, evidence suggests that aerobic and strength training programs improves the quality of life of people with PD. It has been used as a key component of PD rehabilitation. Evidence also supports the use of hydrotherapy as a form of exercise that provide similar benefits to conventional exercise in PD.

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Coping With The Winter Aches

Written by Sandra Demian, Physiotherapist at Sylvania. Article from June 2019

Coping With The Winter Aches


As the poet George Herbert once said “Every mile is two in winter” and that’s often how it feels when we think of getting up and exercising as the winter months approach. Whilst joint and muscle pain can occur at any time or temperature throughout the year, the colder months can make the symptoms appear more noticeable.

This often occurs because when we are cold, our vessels restrict our blood supply around our extremities such as our hands and feet and prioritizes our vital organs such as the heart and lungs.

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Falls Prevention

Written by Taylor Moore, Exercise Physiologist at Sylvania. Article from February 2019


Elderly Couple Word Cloud

Falls can become a serious health concern for those at risk, but how do we identify who is at risk of falling? There are many factors that contribute to a fall, these risks factors include:

• Advanced age
• History of falls
• Limitations with everyday tasks

• Poor vision
• Muscle weakness
• Poor reaction time

• Stroke
• Parkinson’s Disease
• Taking 4 or medications or psychotropic medication
• Impaired cognition

• Impaired gait or mobility

As you can see, risks can be categorised as either demographic, psychosocial, medical, sensory or mobility factors.

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Autism Spectrum Disorder & Social Communication

Written by Siri Burke, Speech Pathologist Blacktown. Article from October 2018

Autism Spectrum Disorder & Social Communication

Autism Spectrum Disorder and Social Communication

Whenever a meet a person with autism, I learn something new. Each person is made up of a unique set of skills, behaviours, talents, and interests, and no two are ever the same! Because of this, it’s difficult to say what children with autism have in common, but we do know that for many people, social communication skills present a significant area of difference to typically developing kids. In order to understand these differences, we need to understand how social communication typically emerges in kids without autism.

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