Written by Adrian Choy, Exercise Physiologist at Blacktown. Article from August 2018

The Knee Unlocking Muscle

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An odd place that raises eyebrows when experiencing pain in this area is the posterior knee compartment. There are structures in the back of the knee that are frequently associated with posterior knee pain. One of the involved structures is a small muscle called the popliteus. This muscle is triangular in shape and has what is called a ‘reversed orientation’ (1) meaning the muscle belly inserts distally and the tendon originates proximally.

Issues may arise when the popliteus lacks the mechanism of ‘unlocking’ the knee joint.

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Exercise for Brain Health

Written by Taylor Moore, Exercise Physiologist at Sylvania. Article from July 2018.

Exercise for Brain Health

Dementia Disease

In 2018 there is an estimated 425,416 Australians living with dementia and 250 joining this population each day. Around 6% of these Australian’s have younger onset dementia and this number is increasing.

So what is Dementia?

Dementia is actually not one disease. Dementia is a term used to describe a collection of symptoms caused by disorders of the brain. It affects thinking, behaviour, and the ability to complete activities of daily living enough to interfere with everyday life. Some of the risk factors for dementia include cardiovascular disease, smoking, diabetes, high cholesterol and family history.

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Fast Twitch Muscle Fibre Development for Falls Injury Reduction in the Ageing Population

Written by Gabriel Pisanu, Exercise Physiologist at Croydon Park. Article from July 2018.

Fast Twitch Muscle Fibre Development for Falls Injury Reduction in the Ageing Population


Over the past few weeks, I have had a long think about how I can make my programs more variable and challenging for the senior clients I work with, while still using evidence-based practice. The focus of a more senior client’s exercise program should consist of general strengthening, balance, and proprioception to assist with the prevention of falls. I then came across a great research paper last week which helped me question that in the event of a fall, what other factors can be addressed to reduce the risk of injury should a fall actually occur?

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Hydrotherapy and Joint Pain

Written by Michael Zajc, Exercise Physiologist at Croydon Park. Article from July 2018

Hydrotherapy & Joint Pain

Croydon Park's Hydrotherapy Pool

Every day, Exercise Physiologists educate people about the benefits of exercise for joint pathologies and pain. In some cases, hearing the benefits and expected outcomes isn’t merely enough to motivate people to stick to a plan that improves their symptoms and health. Often the case, when a client hears from a fellow client experiencing similar symptoms about the benefits achieved from regular exercise, it increases their own motivation to improve their health.

Here at Croydon Park, we have the luxury of having a hydrotherapy pool within the clinic.

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Exercise for Individuals with Down Syndrome

Written by Matthew Craig, Exercise Physiologist at Thornleigh. Article from July 2018

Exercise for Individuals with Down Syndrome


Thanks to the NDIS we are seeing a major growth in the awareness and engagement of exercise and healthy lifestyle in people with disabilities. However, studies have shown that physical activity, step totals per day and minutes of vigorous physical activity were all lower, and sedentary time per day was higher in people with Down syndrome (DS) (Phillips et al, 2011). Individuals with DS are significantly more likely to experience co-morbidities and cardio-metabolic conditions than their unaffected counterparts including but not limited to:

• Heart Defects
• Hypothyroidism
• Hypotonia (low muscle tone)
• Low bone mineral density
• Spinal issues
• Sleep disorders
• Mental health conditions
• Hypercholesterolemia
• Obesity

All of the conditions above have one thing in common, and that is that they can be improved, or at the very least, managed with physical activity. 

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The Great Glute Max & Lower Back Pain

Written by Adrian Choy, Exercise Physiologist at Blacktown. Article from July 2018.

The Great Glute Max & Lower Back Pain


Lower Back Pain

I often hear lower back pain (LBP) being a common and repetitive problem reported by many that walk through the clinic doors. LBP has been well documented clinically as a cause of high pain levels and function loss. A major joint of the lower back is the sacroiliac joint (SIJ). This joint, if compromised, can result in debilitating pain for many humans today who lead either sedentary or active lifestyles. During weight-bearing activities, the SIJ provides the link between the trunk and lower limbs for ground reaction forces.

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Neuromuscular Control And Knee Health

Written by Hamish Hall, Exercise Physiologist at Sylvania. Article from June 2018

Neuromuscular Control and Knee Health

knee article

Strength and balance training for improved knee health

The tibiofemoral joint (knee) often becomes arthritic due to wear and tear of the cartilage, and clients often ask what I can do to improve this. I always tell my clients that improving the strength of the surrounding musculature and improving the neuromuscular control of the knee through balance training will significantly improve their knee health by providing support throughout a variety of movements.

What is neuromuscular control?

Neuromuscular control involves the body’s ability to contract the correct muscles during movements to provide stabilisation; this is done through the proprioceptive system.  

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Walking and Posterior Chain Weakness

Written by Taylor Moore, Exercise Physiologist at Sylvania. Article from June 2018

Walking And Posterior Chain Weakness

walking gait cycle

Many of the people who experience non-specific lower back pain often mention that walking is an aggravating activity for their lower back. When lower back pain occurs after walking for short periods it is important to assess why this pain is occurring, what muscles are weak, and how this relates to the gait cycle.

What is the Gait Cycle?

The different phases of walking are referred to as the gait cycle. Typically, the gait cycle is broken down into two phases, the stance phase and the swing phase.

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How Exercise Enhances The Life Of Those Undergoing Cancer Treatment

Written by Adrian Choy, Exercise Physiologist at Blacktown. Article from June 2018

How Exercise Enhances The Life Of Those Undergoing Cancer Treatment

Cancer-related Fatigue and Exercise

It may seem controversial to exercise during cancer treatment or when diagnosed with cancer, but the direction of one’s health can further alter depending on whether exercise is involved in their life or not. It is strongly backed by clinical studies that significant benefit from regular exercise after cancer improves well-being and disease outcomes.

Cancer treatments can be the direct cause of negative side effects on someone undertaking such treatment. Treatments can be the direct cause of negative effects on body composition, increased fat mass, bone mass loss, reduced lean mass, and decreased physical functioning and health-related quality of life.

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What Is Pilates and Is It Good For Me?

Written by Sarah Hillman, Studio Manager at Sylvania. Article from April 2015

What Is Pilates and Is It Good For Me?


To be able to understand the benefits of Pilates you must first look at what Pilates is and what is was originally designed for.  Pilates is a physical fitness system that was developed in the early 20th century by Joseph Pilates. Pilates was formed by Joe during the First World War with the intention to improve the rehabilitation program for casualties. During this period, Pilates was designed to aid injured soldiers in regaining their health by strengthening, stretching, and stabilising key muscles. 

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