Exercise Techniques

Exercising After Having a Stroke



A stroke occurs when blood stops or significantly reduces flow in the brain. There is a loss of blood to parts of the brain and as a result, brain cells are damaged leading to impaired neurological function. A person who has experienced a stroke are commonly left with paresis (partial paralysis), paralysis, stiff muscles, muscle spasms and the inability to control muscle movement, usually in one side of the body. This often has a detrimental effect on a person’s ability to complete daily activities or participate in social/ community events of everyday life to some extent.


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Did you know, not being able to hold your balance on one foot for longer than 5 seconds greatly increases your risk of falls. There are many senses and processes that begin to decrease as people begin to age. One very notable loss as we age is our ability to balance and control where we are in space. Balance is an essential part of our day to day lives and plays an important role in allowing us to live life to the fullest and with confidence.

When working with people who are being affected by the symptoms of aging I am constantly amazed how so many people believe that balance was something that you just ‘lose as you age’.

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Benefits of Exercise for the Elderly

exercise for elderly

A lot of the clientele we see at our Optimum studios are retired and suffer from a few health ailments, with mobility issues and maintaining their functional independence being one of them. One of our goals here is the enable people to live life to the fullest, such as being able to travel, play with grandkids or continue doing volunteer work.

how can exercise help you as an older individual

There are many benefits to exercise in older age and it’s never too late to start. Any person of any age can benefit from regular exercise, and as qualified exercise specialists, we are trained to find the right ‘dose’ and frequency of exercise for you (just like prescription medication).

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Maximise You Brain Health – Exercise & Dementia

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In 2018 there is an estimated 425,416 Australians living with dementia with 250 joining this population each day. Around 6% of these Australian’s have younger onset dementia and this number is increasing. So what is dementia and how can you decrease your risk of getting it?


Dementia is actually not one disease. Dementia is a term used to describe a collection of symptoms caused by disorders of the brain. It affects thinking, behaviour and ability to complete activities of daily living enough to interfere with everyday life. Some of the risk factors for dementia include cardiovascular disease, smoking, diabetes, high cholesterol and family history.

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Why is Exercise Technique Important?

exercise technique

Whether it be a squatting movement, hinging movement or any upper body movement there are always corrections that need to be made for an exercise, particularly if you are new to exercising. There are a number of reasons the correct technique is vital. You might think that all the little technique adjustments are unnecessary but they actually have a purpose to them.

Injury prevention

Performing exercises correctly ensures that the load is placed on the muscles and joints that are being specifically targeted through the movement. Performing an exercise incorrectly can quite often lead to other joints and muscles being loaded or not getting the full benefit from the exercise in the target muscles.

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How Can I Reduce My Risk of Prostate Cancer?

– By Adrian Caldarola, Exercise Physiologist & Facility Manager at Optimum Health Solutions Liverpool.

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Prostate cancer is a serious issue for men in Australia as it is the most commonly diagnosed cancer in men. In fact, more men die of prostate cancer than women die of breast cancer with more than 3,000 men dying of Prostate Cancer in Australia every year.

Prostate Cancer starts when abnormal cells develop in the prostate. These abnormal cells can continue to multiply in an uncontrolled way and sometimes spread outside the prostate into nearby parts of the body. Prostate cancer is generally a slow-growing disease and the majority of men with low-grade prostate cancer live for many years without symptoms and without it spreading and becoming life-threatening.

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Exercise and Glycaemic Control for Type 2 Diabetics

– By Tom Peppiatt, Exercise Physiologist at Optimum Health Solutions Tasmania

Type 2 Diabetes

Type 2 Diabetes

Type 2 Diabetes is a chronic condition which results in high glucose (sugar) levels in the blood and is due to the body not producing enough insulin or using insulin inefficiently. It is a condition which can be improved through regular exercise and diet.  

Recommended Type and Amount of Exercise

Any exercise is better than none of course, but if you are doing so at home, be aware that it may not be as optimal as having exercise prescribed for you. Unfortunately, home-based exercise has been shown to not be as effective as supervised exercise in improving glycaemic control, which may mean more reliance on medication.

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Resistance Exercise for Diabetes Control

exercise and the immune system

Benefits of resistance exercise for diabetes control.

Resistance exercise for the management of diabetes and other chronic diseases is just as important as cardiovascular exercise. Despite this some people don’t see the benefits of resistance exercise and associate resistance exercise with only people who want to “bulk up”

Research has found that performing the combination of both cardiovascular and resistance exercise gives the best long term outcomes for diabetes management. Resistance exercise gives benefits and physiological changes in areas that aerobic exercise alone doesn’t.

Insulin sensitivity

The way that resistance exercise helps to manage diabetes is by allowing the body to better use the insulin produced by the pancreas.

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body adapt

The human body is a truly amazing piece of machinery as it is able to take a physiological stimulus like exercise and adapt to it to improve performance. When we take part in a structured exercise program we know that we get “fitter”. We may even have a general understanding that one reason we get fitter is because our heart gets “stronger”. But what is actually happening to our cardiovascular system to give us this boost in performance over time?

the size of the heart increases

Firstly the size of the heart increases, particularly the size of the left ventricle, which pushes blood through the aorta into the rest of the body.

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– Susannah Keppo, Exercise Physiology at Optimum Health Solutions Croydon Park.

go for winter goals

Amidst recent conversations and reading various articles, winter can be a challenging time of the year. Colder weather and less sunshine can make it more difficult to motivate yourself to get out of bed and exercise, and for some, it can have us reaching for more comfort foods.


Having a goal over winter such as doing a fun run or similar event, or training for a recreational or competitive sport is a great way to keep your motivation and discipline levels high. If that’s not something you are interested in, you can still set some goals to keep you on track.

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